On abortion: Steinbeck bases her defense of the morality of abortion on the “interest view,” and makes a strong argument against the anti-abortionist “potentiality argument.” On the on the other hand, thinking he has overcome the “interest view” and the “potentiality argument,” Don Marquis argues that abortion is immoral. Steinbeck disagrees. Explain the issues involved in the “interest view’ and the “potentiality argument.”
On the death penalty: In our discussion of the death penalty, Bright emphasized (among other reasons) the failures of the system to argue against death penalty, while Pojman focused on the importance of “retribution” and “deterrence.” Explain the argument you find more persuasive?
Prostitution: Ericsson’s interpretation of prostitution is based on the contractarian liberal idea of individualism, equality and free market sexuality to sexual life, but Carole Pateman thinks that he has misunderstood the problem. Why does she say that? Answer the question using the terminology involved in the discussion.
Freedom: Discuss the different ways in which freedom and determinism are compatible and incompatible
This semester we have studied several types of social contract theory. Hobbes, Rousseau relied on a theory of nature to ground their contract theory, but their understanding of basic human nature varies, and finally, Rawls instead discusses the “veil of ignorance.” What do their contractarian ethics have in common, and how can they be so different? Include in your discussion what you think are the benefits of this kind of theory