2) In early 1990, Boeing Co. decided to gamble $4 billion to build a new long-distance, 350-seat wide-body airplane called the Boeing 777. The price tag for the 777, scheduled for delivery beginning in 1995, is about $120 million apiece. Assume that Boeing’s $4 billion investment is made at the rate of $800 million a year for the years 1990 through 1994 and that the present value of the tax write-off associated with these costs is $750 million. Based on estimated annual fixed costs of $100 million, variable production costs of $90 million apiece, a marginal corporate tax rate of 34 percent and a discount rate of 14 percent, what is the break-even quantity of annual unit sales over the Boeing 777’s projected 15-year life? Assume that all cash inflows and outflows occur at the end of the year.
3) The recently opened Grand Hyatt Wailea Resort and Spa on Maui cost $600 million, about $800,000 per room, to build. Daily operating expenses average $135 a room if occupied and $80 a room if unoccupied (much of the labor cost of running a hotel is fixed). At an average room rate of $500 a night, a marginal tax rate of 40 percent, and a cost of capital of 11 percent, what year-round occupancy rate do the Japanese investors who financed the Grand Hyatt Wailea require to break even in economic terms on their investment over its estimated 40-year life? What is the likelihood that this investment will have a positive NPV? Assume that the $450 million expense of building the hotel can be written off straight line over a 30-year period (the other $150 million is for the land which is not depreciable) and that the present value of the hotel’s terminal value will be $200 million.